How the brain learns is a subject that still requires a lot of study. What scientists do know is that the learning process of the brain is dependent on how it is able to make connections among the brain cells. That may be a simple explanation on how the complex brain functions as it tries to learn through a variety of stimuli.
How the brain learns can be associated by how it is able to create memories. It is through the connections that it can make that lead to the creation of memories and facilitation of the Synapse xt learning process.
The basics of the process begin with the neurons in the brain. A neuron is a nerve cell that receives information coming from the sensory organs and then transmits that information to the other nerve cells.
Some of these neurons transmit the different information that it receives to other parts of the body that also interacts with the environment.
The connections established from which information passes from one neuron to another are called synapses. The different levels of information that the neurons receive from the synapses that they have established determine the output information that it sends out. This seems to create a sort of wiring diagram that enables different neurons to send and receive information from one another.
The number of synapses among neurons is at its minimum during the development process of the baby in the womb. After birth, it gains about two thirds of its adult size just after birth.
After that, the rest of the synapses are formed after birth with a part of this established as humans go through different stimuli in life. These synapses are said to explain how the brain learns. The neurons seem to establish a large number of synapses between them right after birth.